India File India File

India File

India is a world in herself - geographically distinct, culturally varied, an ancient civilisation that has over the years interacted with virtually all the world's races, creeds and ideologies, yet has preserved the unique flavour which underpins and unites the diversity that is India.

Arrows India's History
Arrows India's Polity
Arrows India's Culture
Arrows Education
Arrows Census

National Anthem
Jana gana mana, composed by Rabindranath Tagore (Click Here to Read)

National Emblem
A uni-dimensional adaptation of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Emperor Ashok, the emblem depicts three lions (from the four which stand back-to-back looking to north, south, east and west on the original capital), and part of the frieze on the abacus i.e. the Wheel of the Law (Dharma) in the centre flanked by a horse and a bull. The bell-shaped lotus which supports the original capital has been omitted and instead, inscribed below the abacus are the words "Satyameva Jayate" - "Truth Alone Triumphs" in the Devnagari script

National Flag
India’s flag is a horizontal tricolour with deep saffron above, white in the middle and dark green below, in equal proportion. The saffron signifies the spirit of sacrifice, the white represents purity and the green fertility. In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes, signifying progress. The width to length ratio of the flag is two to three.

National Calendar
Based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days, the national calendar has a permanent correspondence with the Gregorian calendar with 1st Chaitra falling on 22nd March (21st March in leap years).

Structure of the state
Union of 29 states and 7 Union territories with the Central Government based in New Delhi.

Political System
Multi-party parliamentary democracy, based on universal adult franchise


Bicameral legislature, with the Upper House known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lower House known as the Lok Sabha (Council of the People).

Last Elections
April-May 2014
Current Government
Formed by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Head of State
President Hon'ble Shri. Pranab Mukherjee (
Head of Government
Prime Minister Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi (
Indian Standard Time
 IST is equal to GMT + 5 hours and 30 minutes.
3.29 million square kilometers
Varied continental climate. Spring from March-April, summer from May-October, winter from November-February. Tropical monsoon from June-August, and post-monsoon or north-east monsoon season (Oct-Dec). Most of the rainfall is brought by the south-west monsoon. Owing to the geographical diversity of India, regional climatic conditions in the extreme north, east and west can be different.
India shares borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan to the north-west, China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north, Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east. Sri Lanka is separated from the southernmost tip of India by the narrow Palk Straits and the Gulf of Mannar.
Major cities/towns
Almost forty percent of India’s 1.027 billion people live in urban centers, the four largest being Delhi (12 million), Mumbai (16 million), Kolkata (13.2 million), and Chennai (6.4 million). Other cities like Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, etc are rapidly developing into major centers of commerce and industry.
1.21 billion (2011 census);
Current growth rate 1.41% per annum
Life expectancy: Male 67.46 years and female 72.61 years
Death rate: 7.4 per 1000
Hindi is the official language, but English is also widely used. In addition, 18 languages are recognized by the Constitution of India. There are about 1,500 dialects.
India is a secular country with no state religion. Major religions include Hinduism (82%), Islam (12-15%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.8%) and Jainism (0.4%)
Rupee (1 Rupee = 100 paise). In January 2015, US Dollar 1.00 = Rupees 62.94
Fiscal Year
1st April to 31st March.

camel Colorful contrast is the hallmark of India, a country with kaleidoscopic landscape. From snow-capped peaks of the mighty Himalayas to sun-kissed beaches of Goa and Kerala, languidly spread Thar Desert to evergreen forests, India has all in it. 
India's emergence as one of the most sought-after destinations in almost all types of theme tours is a well-known fact. A land where a harmonious blend of modernity and tradition rules the roost, India offers a wide variety of theme tours - beach, pilgrimage, adventure, cultural, wildlife, health and eco travel.

A travel to India can take different flavors: a spiritual journey or a trekking adventure, a soul-searching retreat or a fun filled holiday, a passport to the ancient past or an encounter with the mighty Himalayas. 

North West South East
Delhi (UT) Chhattisgarh Andhra Pradesh
Andaman & Nicobar (UT)
Haryana Daman & Diu (UT) Lakshadweep (UT) Arunachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh Gujarat Karnataka Assam
Jammu & kashmir Dadra & NagarHaveli (UT) Kerala Bihar
Punjab Goa Tamilnadu JharKhand
Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh Puducherry (UT) Manipur
Uttarakhand Maharashtra   Meghalaya
Uttarpradesh     Mizoram
Chandigarh(UT)     Nagaland

India Political Map


Source from

tele density
major airports
national highways
seaports map